In Australia, 95% of ammonium nitrate … Toxic oxides of nitrogen are … Ammonium Nitrate Ammonium nitrate was the first solid nitrogen (N) fertilizer produced on a large scale, but its popularity has declined in recent years. Read on to learn how to use calcium nitrate and decide if it will be usef… It works both as a fertilizer and for disease control. Liquid fertilizer solutions and fluid fertilizers are popular in many areas because they’re safe to handle, convenient to mix with other nutrients and chemicals, and are easily applied. …acid treated with ammonia gives ammonium nitrate, a most important fertilizer. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is an industrially-produced chemical fertilizer.It has the chemical formula NH 4 NO 3 and is used primarily to increase the nitrogen content of soil. Since ammonium nitrate has nitrate … It was first described in 1659 and, currently, is the most commercially important ammonium compound in production volume and usage … But there are some critical issues to understand to best protect a facility that stores or handles ammonium nitrate. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Omissions? Ammonium nitrate, (NH4NO3), a salt of ammonia and nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives. The commercial grade contains about 33.5 percent nitrogen, all of which is in forms utilizable by plants; it is the most common nitrogenous component of artificial fertilizers. Ammonium nitrate is also one of the most commonly used high nitrogen fertilizers. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH₄NO₃. A HUGE explosion erupted in Beirut on August 4 causing 100 deaths and nearly 4,000 injuries. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH4 NO3, and it's made by combining ammonia with nitric acid. The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, allowing nitrogen to be … It is widely used … It is an inexpensive synthetic source of nitrogen, one of the 14 essential soil nutrients needed for plant growth. Ammonium nitrate provides much needed nitrogen to lawn grasses and garden plants in an easily accessible form that doesn't leach out of the soil. Ammonium nitrate also is employed to modify the detonation rate of other explosives, such as nitroglycerin in the so-called ammonia dynamites, or as an oxidizing agent in the ammonals, which are mixtures of ammonium nitrate and powdered aluminum. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH4NO3. Structure of the chemical compound ammonium nitrate, from which fertilizer is produced. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Updates? Ammonium nitrate is classified as dangerous goods and all aspects of its use are tightly regulated. After the straight dynamites and gelatins, the next important advance in dynamite was the substitution of ammonium nitrate for part of the... After the straight dynamites and gelatins, the next important advance in dynamite was the substitution of ammonium nitrate for part of the nitroglycerin to give a safer and less expensive product. The chemical is classified as an “energetic material” meaning that it produces heat as it decomposes. With this method, you drill into the end of a mining chamber called a stope, which is a bit like a tunnel with a brow coming down from the back … Even so, plants can not use some of the nitrogen in either product until it has been converted to the Anitrate form. Another use of ammonium nitrate is in the food industry where it is used as a nutrient in producing antibiotics and yeast. It is a white crystalline solid and is highly soluble in water. It has been the cause of numerous industrial explosions over the last three decades, including the explosion at a chemical plant in Toulouse, France, in 2001 that killed 31 people. But what is it and what is it used for? Providing the correct amount of nutrients to your plants is crucial to their health and development. Ammonium nitrate has various uses in various industries. Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage. It was reported that 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate was stored in a warehouse for six years without safety measures. It is highly soluble in water; heating of the water solution decomposes the salt to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. The order of ammonium nitrate was intended for manufacturing explosives for mining companies in Mozambique, the spokesperson said. Ammonium nitrate liquid is the white crystals dissolved in water. It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Ammonium Nitrate Industrial Grade Low density Ammonium Nitrate explosive is used extensively in the mining industry and is intentionally made very porous to allow for the rapid uptake of liquid fuel oil. Most countries have regulations controlling the storage of ammonium nitrate to make it safe. The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, allowing nitrogen to be … Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound used in agriculture as a fertilizer, to make pyrotechnics, as an ingredient in cold packs, and for science demonstrations… To inquire about a licence to reproduce material, visit our Syndication site. When you only apply ammonium nitrate, the plants use up the other nutrients in the soil and it becomes depleted, so farmers are not seeing the yields they need” even after spending $60—a … Calcium nitrate fertilizer is the only water soluble source of calcium available for plants. U.S. This service is provided on News Group Newspapers' Limited's Standard Terms and Conditions in accordance with our Privacy & Cookie Policy. To see all content on The Sun, please use the Site Map. "The Sun", "Sun", "Sun Online" are registered trademarks or trade names of News Group Newspapers Limited. Ammonium nitrate and urea both contain the element nitrogen, but in different forms. The use of ammonium nitrate in explosives had been patented by others…, …example of the latter is ammonium nitrate, in which the cation is NH. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. AN) is an inorganic salt with colorless and odorless crystals that are soluble in most organic solvents. It is the main ingredient in the manufacture of … 679215 Registered office: 1 London Bridge Street, London, SE1 9GF. Ammonium nitrate is a colourless crystalline substance (melting point 169.6 °C [337.3 °F]). The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released. Oversight Of Ammonium Nitrate Has 'Dangerous Gaps' The experts and regulators are calling for the federal government to renew efforts to bolster safe storage, handling, use and … Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. News Corp is a network of leading companies in the worlds of diversified media, news, education, and information services. The salt is hardly found in nature, for its high water solubility. Ammonium nitrate was also used to create the explosives used in the 2006 Mumbai train bombings. When plants dont have enough of a certain nutrient, pests, disease and low bearing are often the result. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ammonium nitrate can be used as fertilizer or as an explosive. The Ammonium Nitrate Security Program (ANSP) is the proposed regulatory program developed by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) in response to a directive from Congress to "regulate the sale and transfer of ammonium nitrate by an ammonium nitrate facility... to prevent the misappropriation or use of ammonium nitrate … Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical commonly used around the world as an agricultural fertilizer, and in explosives for mining. When heated, ammonium nitrate decomposes non-explosively into gases of oxygen, nitrogen, and water vapor; however, it can be induced to decompose explosively by detonation into nitrous oxide and water … Ammonium nitrate, the substance In its pure form, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) is a white, crystalline chemical which is soluble in water. The ammonium nitrate dissolves in water, and if the water is heated, the by-product will be a nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas. It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate. It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates. This type of … In most countries, it is used to make explosives for mining, quarrying and civil construction because of its low cost and ready availability. For other inquiries, Contact Us. I know a bit about a technique called cut and fill mining. It’s been a common N source because it contains both … In the agricultural industry, it's a component for manufacturing fertilizers. It is most commonly used as fertilizer for agricultural purposes — … Ammonium nitrate, a salt of ammonia and nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives. For further details of our complaints policy and to make a complaint please click this link: thesun.co.uk/editorial-complaints/, Comments are subject to our community guidelines, which can be viewed, The chemical is widely used as a fertiliser but has been used to make explosives because of its low cost, Wreckage from the 2001 chemical plant explosion in Toulouse, The blast in the port area of Beirut on August 4, Beirut explosion - Frantic search for hundreds of survivors trapped under rubble after blast so big it tore off clothes, Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). The chemical compound is … Ammonium nitrate is a crystal-like white solid which is made in large industrial quantities. In addition to its usefulness as a fertilizer, ammonium nitrate is also employed in certain industrial and construction settings. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. Ammonium Nitrate Uses and Sources. What is calcium nitrate? Ammonium nitrate sold for use as fertilizer is the same substance as ammonium nitrate sold as an explosive. When mixed with fuel oils, the chemical creates a potent explosive that is widely used in the construction industry. Though the material itself is noncombustible it will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. It has been reported that the cause of the explosion in the Lebanon capital was ammonium nitrate. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. View our online Press Pack. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound produced in both solid and liquid form that is com - monly used in fertilizers. It has also been used as a key component in … A solution of urea [CO(NH₂)₂] and ammonium nitrate … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/ammonium-nitrate, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubChem Compound - Ammonium Nitrate. If there is a significant amount of ammonium nitrate it can generate enough heat to catch fire and continue to burn eventually causing an explosion. Other Uses for Ammonium Nitrate. … By itself, ammonium nitrate is not regarded as dangerous but under certain conditions, it can become deadly. Ammonium nitrate is commercially prepared by mixing ammonia salt and nitric acid. Ammonium Nitrate (a.k.a. 33.5% of nitrogen can be found in ammonium nitrate which is sold in the market. The commercial grade contains about 33.5 percent nitrogen, all of which is in forms utilizable by plants; it … More areas across England plunged into tier 4 lockdown from BOXING DAY, Katie Price reveals trolls tell her she looks pregnant after putting on weight, Bride, 29, who faked terminal cancer and shaved her own head to get £8,500 jailed, UFO came within 20ft of crashing into packed passenger plane leaving Heathrow, ©News Group Newspapers Limited in England No. For decades, Australia has produced, stored and used ammonium nitrate without a major … The Sun website is regulated by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO), Our journalists strive for accuracy but on occasion we make mistakes. Ammonium nitrate is the “N” in N-P-K synthetic lawn fertilizer. Corrections? The chemical made the news again after a huge explosion in Beirut caused the death of 100 people and nearly 4,000 injuries. Which areas could go into Tier 4 lockdown on Boxing Day? 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