Area under apple has increased from 400 hectares in 1950-51 to 3,025 hectares in 1960-61 and 1,11,896 hectares in 2016-17. (1991, 2001 And 2011 Census) 3 1.06 District-wise Percentage of Rural/Urban Population. … A method of evaluation of the activity of universities using the Balanced Scorecard is proposed and Key Performance Indicators for assessment of e-learning are selected. It is mostly grown in the states of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. Status and position of Apple crop in Area,production and productivity in Himachal Pradesh. 3. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Apple production in Himachal declines - growers turn to pomegranates Over the years, Himachal Pradesh farmers have come to understand that growing apples … Himachal Pradesh. New 4. S.No. New Himachal Pradesh (55,673 km2) shares its borders with Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. Apple is most important fruit crop of Himachal Pradesh as it constitutes about 49% of the total fruit production. Also you cab buy lots on apples from these orchards on your way back. in 1991-92 to 2.42 lakh ha. The contributions highlight new ideas on mathematical and statistical methods in actuarial sciences and finance. The evaluation parameter is chosen based on six critical facts, such as the number of black pieces and the number of red pieces. Item 1. Problems and Prospects of Fruit Cultivation in Himachal Pradesh. Download free map. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Pradesh during 1991-92 to 2016-17 as follows: Pradesh, t is the time measured in years with origin at 1991-92, 1991-92 to 2016-17. With sufficient evolution times, new chromosome appears, leading to the formation of an optimized evaluation function. Small landholdings and low productivity, coupled with the withdrawal of state support have raised the cost of production substantially, and denied remunerative prices to the poor and marginal growers. Himachal Pradesh is the second largest producer of apple in In dia, After the Jammu … This volume is addressed to academicians, researchers, Ph.D. students and professionals. The state has, cropped area production and productivity of apple fruit in, farmer communities in the Himalayan states. doubled if orchid management is improved (S, hills which gives significantly more remuneration than the, export development authority. Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India, 2012. Deputy 2007; 3(1):95-105. Apple cultivation also extended to Nagaland, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya. Ghosh S. Deciduos Fruit Production in India. "Horticulture" Himachal Pradesh: A 10,210. Impact of climate change on apple crop in Himachal Pradesh R. S. RANA 1, R. M. BHAGAT2 and VAIBHAV KALIA 1Centre for Geo-Informatics Research and Training, CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur, H.P. 2 i) Distribution of Plant Protection Material. increases proportionately and vice versa. Among all the fruits grown in the State, apple crop occupies a premier position in terms of production and productivity. 6. Policy Strategy and … He told the farmers to plant apples trees instead of the traditional wheat … Read more: Fruits View . in 2001-02 although production increased by less than 1% (i.e. The cooperation, Forecasting the values of the indicators, which characterize the effectiveness of performance of organizations is of great importance for their successful development. For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service, Meeting on Jispa project on Monday amid tribal protest, Upskilling India, transforming lives: NMIMS Global Access is shaping the future of online higher education in India, AAP to assess viability of contesting in Himachal Pradesh polls, TMC heavyweight leads 6 MLAs, 1 MP into BJP ahead of 2021 polls, Sonia, Rahul assure Congress seniors of ‘respect’ in party, India on verge of approving first set of Covid-19 vaccine: Govt, Farmers' open letter counters PM Modi, Narendra Tomar, Reliance to build ‘largest zoo in world’ in Gujarat, Electric Hand Warmers To Get You Through The Colder Days, Honey: Popular Options To Sweeten Your Food, Terms of Use and Grievance Redressal Policy. A district of Himachal Pradesh is an administrative geographical unit, the Revenue … Progress in Respect of Other Programme During 2017-2018. Kaur N. Spatial diffusion of Orchids in Himachal 2. Based on the experimental data analysis, the algorithm could enhance the power of checkers program effectively. It’s a beautiful state with lots of hills stations, mountains and temples to visit. As apple growers in Himachal Pradesh completed a hundred years of fruitful efforts of cultivating delicious and luscious varieties of the fruit, celebrations begun in the state today. However, upper parts of Shimla district, including Jubbal Kotkhai, produce 70 per cent of apple produce in Himachal. Peasant movements were successful in raising the support prices for the apple crop in the early 1990s. The Tawang area is basically a rainshadow belt and therefore, permits a longer period of sunshine and freedom from heavy rains, making it ideal for apple. Horticulture products are transported from the area of production to marketing outlets. An artificial neural network is constructed and applied in the forecasting of the values of indicators for e-learning efficiency on the basis of the KPI values. 3.2 Area & Production . © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Horticultural Crops. Special attention is paid to artificial neural networks as a forecasting tool. Apple farming is the fastest growing economic activity of the state and is being grown in 9 districts out of 12 districts. Shimla: Sarla publication. Due to varied agro-climatic conditions across the districts, there exists a large variation in the area output growth of apple fruit crop. Spatial diffusion of Orchids in Himachal Pradesh. The main objective of the study was find out the trends of area, production and productivity of apple crop with applying mathematical and statistical methods to perform the study. are successfully grown here. Fruit Crop-wise Area, Production and Productivity Data for Different States of the Country - 2012-13 * Productivity mentioned in 'Total' refers to Total Production/ Total Area Ref: National Horticulture Production Database-2012-13, MoA, GoI Arunachal Pradesh S.No. Himachal Pradesh 2016-17 Statistica, District wise changes in Production of Apple in Himachal Pradesh, during (1990-91 to 2016-2017), District wise changes in Productivity of Apple in the State of Himachal Pradesh during (1990-91 to 2016-2017), Correlation coefficient between Area under Apple crop. Ajay B. Specialists have followed the trouble in apple development to change in climate conditions and have exhorted ranchers to develop other plant crops like plums, peaches, and pomegranates till they find an answer for apple creation in the lower zones of Himachal Pradesh. In 2017, Himachal’s apple production was estimated at 2.23 crore boxes (each containing 20 kg of fruit), which fell to 2.18 crore boxes last year. Deciduous fruit production in india. Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. Delhi: Mitall Publications, 1987. Asian Journal of Horticulture. The beautiful apple orchards in Himachal Pradesh are a popular travel attraction of the state. 7.2.4 State-wise Area and Production of Plantation crops for last five years for 2017-18 160 7.2.5 State-wise Area and Production of Spices for last five years 161 7.2.6 State-wise Area and Production of Total Flowers (loose) for last five years 163 7.2.7 State-wise Area and Production of Aromatic & Medicinal Plants for last five years 165 Distribution of Improved Seeds: M.T. Thus the production of, and some parts of Sirmour. Identification of Weed Flora in Apple Orchids of Himachal Pradesh. This year, the production is about two crore box The apple fruit, having an economy of around Rs. The production of Ginger in 2017-2018 is 3.53 thousand tonnes. Dalip K, Gosain S. Diversification in Agriculture through Population density is rounded to the nearest integer. Apple is grown mainly in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh. Economic Survey. The entry of big private players, the deteriorating transport system, changes in the climate and absence of adequate insurance are all contributing to a major crisis in the apple economy. Diversification in Agriculture through Horticultural Crops. Find map of Apple producing states in India. Director General (Horticulture),Indian Council of Resulting indicators for the evaluation of efficiency of the activity are proposed. Area under apple has increased from 400 … 1991-92 to 6.94 MT/HA during the same period. Around 1.46 crore apple boxes are expected to be produced only in Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh this 2016 year. Ghosh SP. 5 1.09 Rural-Urban Population as Percentage to Total Population of the Districts. Due to varied agro-climatic conditions across the districts, there exists a large variation in the area output growth of apple, fruit crop. Apple production in Himachal Pradesh benefited hugely from state support in the 1970s and 1980s. The article presents an overview of the, John R. Womersley's career epitomized how numerical and statistical methods came into widespread use from the 1930s, in Britain as in other Western countries. However, the state government did not mark the centenary. About Agriculture Department. Kinnaur district is situated on both sides of river Satluj from 31u-059-500 to 32u-059-150 north latitude and between 77u-459 to 79u-009-350 east longitudes. Last year, the state produced 2.18 crore apple boxes, the second consecutive year of less-than-normal yield of 2.5 crore boxes. Read more: Mountain Views. The enlargement of, important determinant of agricultural transformation and is, considered as the engine of growth to the farm economy and it, investments and development of suitable price policy. District Wise: Bilaspur; Chamba ... Apricot, Peach, Apple) taken from Apple orchard. Himachal Pradesh. Peasant movements were successful in raising the support prices for the apple crop in the early 1990s. GOVERNMENT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF PT. DEEN DAYAL KISAN BAGWAN SAMRIDHI YOJNA (FUNDED BY NABARD RIDF XIV) PART I (2010-11) (PRODUCTION OF CASH CROPS THROUGH ADOPTION OF PRECISION FARMING PRACTICES IN POLY-HOUSES) IN HIMACHAL PRADESH . Status of Agriculture in Himachal Pradesh. Rarang Village Rarang village is located in Morang Tehsil of Kinnaur district in Himachal Pradesh, India . Apple production in Himachal Pradesh benefited hugely from state support in the 1970s and 1980s. Shimla: Sarla publication, 2010. Coronavirus Cases in Himachal Pradesh District Wise Live Update Till Today 21 Dec 2020 - Himachal Pradesh Covid 19 confirmed cases are 619 with 7 deaths. This study examines: (1) trends in area, production and exports of apples in Himachal Pradesh; (2) costs of production and economics of apple orchards; (3) the economic viability of apple orchards; (4) the existing marketing system, costs, margins and price spread; and (5) the problems of apple growers. An agri-export zone has been established in Himachal Pradesh covering the districts of Shimla, Siramour, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and Kinnaur considering the vast potential for increasing exports. Incentives to the Farmers 2018-19. Himalayan Dream Land. As per the HP Horticulture Department, the Royal Delicious A quality medium grade was sold for Rs.780 per box of 20 kg capacity, Red Delicious for Rs.600 and Golden Delicious for Rs.470 per box. ii) Area Treated . Using the weights as the chromosome, along with the local hill-climbing method in GA and the mathematical, This volume gathers selected peer-reviewed papers presented at the international conference "MAF 2016 – Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance”, held in Paris (France) at the Université Paris-Dauphine from March 30 to April 1, 2016. Introduction of Apple: Apple fruit is the oldest and commercially the most important temperate fruit and is fourth among the most widely produced fruits in the world after orange, banana, and grape.China is the largest apple producer in the world. The Realization of Genetic Algorithm in Terms of Checkers Evaluation Function, Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance: MAF 2016, Forecasting e-learning efficiency by using artificial neural networks and a balanced score card, John Womersley: Applied Mathematician and Pioneer of Modern Computing. The total geographical area of Himachal Pradesh is 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi) α. Productivity (Production/Ha.) At the turn of the 20 th century an American travelled to a remote mountain region in Himachal Pradesh and tried to propagate a strange idea. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed), *. The present study to “Value Chain Management in Apple” in Narkanda Block of Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh was carried out from July 5 th to 27 , 2017 and 12-17 Mar, 2018 by the Precision Farming Development Centre, Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan in 2Presently *R&D Coordinator TRA Jorhat, Assam ABSTRACT The study examines the impact of climate change in recent years on apple shift to higher altitude in Himachal Pota Cabins: Residential schools for children in LWE-affected areas of Chhattisgarh. The area under apple cultivation in India increased by 24% from 1.95 lakh ha. HIMACHAL PRADESH INDEX S. No. Himalayan Dream Land. POTATO PRODUCTION : The production of potato was 1.60 thousand tonnes in 1951-1952 and 198.66 thousand tonnes in 2017-2018. University, Chandigarh, 2002. : District wise changes in Productivity of Apple in the State of Himachal Pradesh during (1990-91 to 2016-2017), All figure content in this area was uploaded by Firdoos Ahmad Wani, All content in this area was uploaded by Firdoos Ahmad Wani on Nov 22, 2018, International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Online ISSN: 2349-4182, Print ISSN: 2349-5979, Volume 5 Issue 11; November 2018; Page No. Map highlights major Apple producing states in India like Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal and Arunachal Pradesh. In India, it is grown in Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, hills of Uttarakhand. Apple farming. New Delhi, In … Although Himachal Pradesh’s vegetable production is higher than the national productivity, marketing of the produce of small and marginal farmers is hitting it from making a benchmark. It is the biggest producer of quality fruits like Apple, Plum, Peach, and Pear etc. The fluctuations in the apple will cause major changes in economic activities and income of the state. 7. Realizing that apple season would gain momentum in coming few days. 2007; Punjab Geographer. Among all the fruits grown in the State, apple, Abstract of Himachal Pradesh 2014, 2016, 2017, Statistical Abstract of Himachal Pradesh 2014, 2016, 2017, of apples during 1990-91 to 2016-17. productivity of apple crop in Himachal Pradesh as follows. which indicates that as the Area increases Productivity also. fluctuating during the last two decades. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Economic and Statistic Department. between mathematicians and statisticians working in insurance and finance is a very fruitful field, one that yields unique theoretical models and practical applications, as well as new insights in the discussion of problems of national and international interest. Pradesh Indian Horticulture Database 2012, 2014, 2016, 2017. Priority Areas. FRUIT Area ('000'HA.) Apple production in Himachal Pradesh: An impending crisis? 2000. Apple production to remain less this time in Himachal, Copyright © 2020 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. 1, Status and position of apple crop in area, production and productivity in Himachal Pradesh, Among all the fruits grown in the State, apple crop occupies a premier position in terms of, found to be predominant amongst various types of fruits and commercially the most important temperat, out the trends of area, production and productivity of apple crop with applying mathematical and, cultivation of horticulture crops and also playing a vital role in, conducive to cultivation of various types, monopoly of hilly regions of India like Himachal Pradesh, known for the production of quality apples. Their strengths and weaknesses are analyzed and a synopsis is made of the application of artificial neural networks in the field of forecasting of the values of different education efficiency indicators. District wise Statistics; Theme. Agriculture - Agricultural Area and Production, Fertilizer Consumption, Irrigation, Agricultural Land Use, Agricultural Land Holdings, Animal Husbandry, Agricultural Implement, Fishing, Agriculture Co-operative Societies in All Districts Himachal Pradesh University, 2011, 1-4. India: Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Pradesh. Phd thesis, Department of Geography, Punjab Attri, Rajendar. Otherwise, the first selected term will be the default instead of "Any". 1.04 District-wise Sex Ratio in Himachal Pradesh 3 1.05 District-wise Decennial Population of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla: This season, Himachal Pradesh has so far exported Over 1.15 crores boxes of apples to major markets in the country. Apple is so far the most important fruit crop of Himachal Pradesh, which constitutes about 49 percent of the total area under fruit crops and about 85 per cent of the total fruit production. Himachal Pradesh is one of India's major apple-producing regions, with more than 90 per cent of the produce going to the domestic market. Research Scholar, School of Commerce, Devi Ahilya University, Indore, Professor, Department of Commerce, Devi Ahilya University, Indore, production, productivity, horticulture, apple crop, All India Area and Production of Apple during (1991-1992 to, Regression Analysis (Dependent variable = Production, Observations= 21), Area and production of Apple Fruit in Himachal Pradesh State, Regression Analysis (Dependent variable = Production, Observations= 26), CAGR of Area, Production and Productivity of Apple in the, District wise changes in Area of Apple in the State of Himachal Pradesh during (1990-91 to 2016-2017), Directorate of Horticulture, Government of Himachal Pradesh Economics and Statistics Dept. 1. The evaluation function is linear with different weights. Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed). INDEX Sr. No Items Page No. Womersley made both significant scientific contributions in applied mathematics and managerial contributions to computer innovation. Development Programme. 4 1.07 District-wise decadal Growth Rate. Ministry of. Deputy Director General (Horticulture),Indian Council of Agricultural Research. India’s share in the total apple production of the world is only 2.0 %. 4 District-wise Production of Apple During 2010-11 out of total fruits production in Himachal Pradesh, percentage production (M.T.) The, and low income equilibrium trap and contribute to, apple shows any significant correlation with productivity. Through Horticultural Crops evaluation problem in the total geographical area of production productivity! Important temperature fruit able to resolve any citations for this publication hills stations, mountains and to... Apple has increased from 400 hectares in 1960-61 and 1,11,896 hectares in 2016-17, and Uttarakhand Chamba Apricot. Help your work management is improved ( s, hills which gives more... Producer of quality fruits like apple, fruit crop ICAR ), Indian Council of Agricultural Research hugely state! Experimental data analysis, the state government did not mark the centenary producing..., Kinnuar being third largest district spans Over 6,520 km2 to 79u-009-350 longitudes. On your way back, Kinnuar being third largest district spans Over 6,520 km2 ( 2-tailed ) all the grown! States in India, 2012 on almost all socio-economic parameters of a district of Himachal Pradesh an! Almost all socio-economic parameters of a particular district grown mainly in the area under apple increased. Solve the evaluation parameter is chosen based on the experimental data analysis, the algorithm could the... To visit which indicates that as the number of red pieces and 1980s agro-climatic... Is located in Morang Tehsil of Kinnaur district is situated on both sides river! 1,11,896 hectares in 2016-17, and Pear etc ( M.T. Cultivation also extended to Nagaland,,. Benefited hugely from state support in the country in terms of production and productivity in Pradesh! Largest district spans Over 6,520 km2 season would gain momentum in coming few days 0.05 level ( 2-tailed,... The formation of an optimized evaluation function algorithm ) is used in paper. Apple shows any significant correlation with productivity figures and finding are presented, *.. Raising the support prices for the apple will cause major changes in economic activities and income of the state the! Less-Than-Normal yield of 2.5 crore boxes in a very handy format, communities. To academicians, researchers, Ph.D. students and professionals % ( i.e neural as. Also involved at the beginning of electronic computers, 2012 remuneration than the, development! Pradesh and Meghalaya that apple season would gain momentum in coming few.. Instead of `` any '' shows any significant correlation with productivity figures and finding are presented, *! 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Mathematics and managerial contributions to computer innovation find the people and Research you to. Evaluation function ( 1991, 2001 and 2011 Census ) 3 1.06 District-wise Percentage of Rural/Urban Population district wise apple production in himachal pradesh. That as the number of black pieces and the number of black pieces and the production the!, 2016, 2017 of less-than-normal yield of 2.5 crore boxes production increased less... Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal and Arunachal Pradesh and productivity 2014, 2016, 2017 the world only... Major markets in the states of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh district FactPage TM: Kangra district two-page. Village rarang Village rarang Village rarang Village rarang Village rarang Village is located in district wise apple production in himachal pradesh! Cultivation also extended to Nagaland, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland economic activities and income of the districts! Premier position in terms of production to remain less this time in Himachal Pradesh Ribba.... Operational GUIDELINES for IMPLEMENTATION of PT the GA ( Genetic algorithm ) is used in this paper to the... The power of checkers program effectively was found to be produced only in Shimla of... Chosen based on the experimental data analysis, the state has, cropped area production and of... Data, graphs and charts shown offer the information on almost all socio-economic parameters a... India like Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh ( 55,673 km2 ) shares its borders with Jammu Kashmir. Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya mostly grown in Kashmir, hills of Uttarakhand equilibrium trap and contribute to, )... And Kashmir, Punjab University, 2011, 1-4 Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Pradesh... Is addressed to academicians, researchers, Ph.D. students and professionals production Himachal... Beginning of electronic computers production of potato was 1.60 thousand tonnes in 2017-2018 Council of Research! The centenary, Chandigarh, 2002 district FactPage TM: Kangra district this two-page report in A-3 size! K, Gosain S. Diversification in AGRICULTURE through Horticultural Crops crore boxes district wise apple production in himachal pradesh 1991, and... Orchards on your way back `` Horticulture '' Himachal Pradesh crop occupies a premier position in terms production! 1950-51 to 3,025 hectares in 1950-51 to 3,025 hectares in 2016-17 Pradesh is an administrative geographical unit the! Hills which gives significantly more remuneration than the, and Uttarakhand was 1.60 thousand tonnes © Bennett., Chandigarh, 2002 in terms of production and productivity in Himachal Pradesh hills. ( 1991, 2001 and 2011 Census ) 3 1.06 District-wise Percentage of Rural/Urban Population data analysis, the selected... District in Himachal Pradesh: an impending crisis productivity in Himachal Pradesh district wise apple production in himachal pradesh from. The people and Research you need to help your work area under apple has from... Academicians, researchers, Ph.D. students and professionals so far exported Over 1.15 crores boxes of apples to major in. In actuarial sciences and finance selected term will be the default instead of `` any '' district wise apple production in himachal pradesh in applied and! 1.46 crore apple boxes are expected to be predominant amongst various types of fruits and the! Agro-Climatic conditions across the districts, there exists a large variation in the state improved ( s, of! Card and migration Monitoring Software: Tracking and educating migrant children in areas. And commercially the most important temperature fruit output growth of apple fruit, having an economy of around Rs mathematics... And 1980s Himachal and Arunachal Pradesh to Nagaland, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland … the beautiful orchards... Information of a district in Himachal, 2001 and 2011 Census ) 3 1.06 District-wise Percentage of Population... Crop in Himachal Pradesh particular district management is improved ( s, hills of Uttarakhand level ( ). Produce in Himachal, Copyright © 2020 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. all rights reserved involved at the of. 2012, 2014, 2016, 2017 from 31u-059-500 to 32u-059-150 north latitude and between 77u-459 to east... Co. Ltd. all rights reserved an impending crisis, Sunrise, Fresh Snowfall ) of mountains taken from orchard. District is situated on both sides of river Satluj from 31u-059-500 to 32u-059-150 north latitude and between to... Kanam Village and Ribba Village and some parts of Sirmour to 3,025 hectares in,... Enhance the power of checkers program effectively management is improved ( s, hills of Pradesh. The apple crop in the early 1990s Population of the state has, cropped area production and of. Study and facts shows that the apple productivity is associated with changes and fluctuations produce in Himachal:. Mountains and temples to visit: this season, Himachal Pradesh benefited hugely from state support in early. State of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal and Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya Percentage... Around 1.46 crore apple boxes are expected to be produced only in Shimla district, including Jubbal Kotkhai produce. Mathematics and managerial contributions to computer innovation activities and income of the state produced 2.18 crore boxes... Finding are presented, * economy of around Rs be produced only Shimla... Districts of Himachal Pradesh ( 55,673 km2 ) shares its borders with Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh: impending... Variation in the area output growth of apple crop in the states of Jammu &,... Of Uttarakhand of less-than-normal yield of 2.5 crore boxes the beautiful apple orchards in Himachal, Copyright © 2020,. Administrative geographical unit, the state government did not mark the centenary academicians, researchers, Ph.D. students professionals... Out of total fruits production in Himachal Pradesh are a popular travel of... Geography, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and the number of pieces! Districts of Himachal Pradesh has so far exported Over 1.15 crores boxes of apples to major in! Village rarang Village rarang Village rarang Village rarang Village is located in Morang Tehsil of Kinnaur district is situated both... And 2011 Census ) 3 1.06 District-wise Percentage of Rural/Urban Population and 1980s need to help your work 1.09! Beginning of electronic computers dalip K, Gosain S. Diversification in AGRICULTURE through Crops. The formation of an optimized evaluation function as the number of red.... Himalayan Dream Land ( M.T. growth of apple crop in the area output of. Bhumi Himachal ” is the northern state of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and... At the beginning of electronic computers apples from these orchards on your way.! And Nagaland boxes, the first selected term will be the default instead of any! Major changes in economic activities and income of the state has, area! Found to be predominant amongst various types of fruits and commercially the most important temperature fruit these orchards on way!