Acid pulp of fruit used by some pastoral tribes to curdle milk in the manufacture of kwatakwari. In tree: Trees of special interest …ground) are held by the baobab (Adansonia digitata) of Africa and the Mexican swamp cypress (Taxodium mucronatum).The baobab attains a maximum height of about 23 metres (75 feet); its barrel-shaped trunk attains a diameter of more than 5 metres (16 feet), but a few individuals range from 7.7 to… Osman MA. The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. Seeds contain appreciable quantities of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, sodium, iron, manganese, whereas they have high levels of lysine, thiamine, calcium and iron. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. The fruit pulp have very high vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, carbohydrates, fibers, potassium, proteins and lipids content, which can be used in seasoning as an appetizer and also make juices. Baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 160. All Baobabs are deciduous trees ranging in height from 5 to 20 meters. 2009 Mar;49(3):254-74. Adansonia baobab Linnaeus; Adansonia digitata var. Pulp of fruits used for food and food seasoning. Adansonia integrifolia Raf. Adansonia sulcata A. Chev. Cathy Wong is a nutritionist and wellness expert. The review summarizes the information on various aspects of traditional information, taxonomic description, medicinal properties and importantly nutritional value. If you want to add it to the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group. Baobab has numerous biological properties including antimicrobial, anti-malarial, diarrhoea, anaemia, asthma, antiviral, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities amongst others. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. In recent years, manufacturers have begun adding baobab fruit to juices, energy drinks, energy bars, and dietary supplements. The fruit pulp, seeds, leaves, flowers, roots, and bark of baobab are edible and they have been studied by scientists for their useful properties. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India. Looking at data on the nutritional properties of baobab, the report's authors found that baobab fruit is rich in antioxidants, including vitamin C. However, since little is known about how efficiently the human body can absorb the antioxidants found in baobab fruit, the report's authors call for more research on the health effects of consuming baobab. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Dakar Med. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. Traditional Medicinal Uses of Adansonia digitata Indications: Administered to people only. If you're considering baobab for a chronic condition, make sure to consult your physician before starting your supplement regimen. Baobab is also said to protect against inflammation-related conditions (including type 2 diabetes, arthritis, and allergies, as well as heart disease and cancer). "Baobab Food Products: a Review on Their Composition and Nutritional Value." Seeds eaten as food and mixed with millet (Panicum miliaceum) to produce a thin gruel. Adansonia digitata L. belongs to the Bombacaceae family and is generally known as the African Baobab. Its flowers, seeds, bark, and roots are collectively credited to treat malaria, dysentery, diarrhea, asthma, fever, inflammation, among other ailments. Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. It is a massive, deciduous tree up to 25 m in height and may live for hundreds of years. Adansonia sphaerocarpa A. Chev. Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae) (A. digitata) is a majestic tree revered in Africa for its medicinal and nutritional value. Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. Furthermore, a lot of ancient cultures have mixed Adansonia Digitata seed oil in medicines that have been used to help people recover from a wide variety of ailments. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. The common name baobab is derived from Arabic meaning "father of many seeds?. Baobab trees produce fruit with a powdery pulp found to contain high amounts of vitamin C. 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